Which Front End Framework for Phoenix?

Which Front End Framework do you use with for Phoenix?

What type of application do you want to create SPA(single page app) or SSR(server side rendering) ?

For general ideas:

SPA starts here

  • Angular

  • React

  • Vue

  • Svelte

SSR starts here

  • Next.js based on react

  • NUXT based on vue

If you are referring to css frameworks or sass frameworks please let me know.


Which SPA, SSR, and CSS framework is best suited to work with Phoenix? Any examples?

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What is you experience regarding css html and js?

You shouldn’t learn a js framework without understanding js es6 es7 and so on?

So Answer to my question and i can guide you further.


All of them. They have no bearing on Phoenix. Pick the one that works best for you—I like React if I’m doing a SPA. I might lean to LiveView for smaller projects right now.

edit: minus SSR, though. I think only LiveView is SSR in Phoenix. There isn’t “React in Elixir” because there isn’t a JS execution context.


I think that nuxt and nextjs are SSR if you use absinthe and apollo


If your splitting your app up and using phoenix as a backend api you can use any of them and they should all preform the same, so basically preference.

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I’m ok with HTML5 (including JS es6 and so on), just wanted some help with what plays best with Phoenix , I’m just starting with Phoenix.

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I bought your book, just wondering when the Hands-On with Phoenix LiveView chapter coming? Thanks a lot for writing the book by the way, it’s much needed by the community!

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It should be really soon. The chapters are all written, but it can take a little bit of time after for review and just getting it ready for beta.

I added a chapter for single page apps with react as well. Big takeaway is that they play really well together and to follow component based design.

Thanks for getting it!

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Then some books in phoenix might be a good idea to understand the eco system and also learn Plug from phoenix docs it would become your best friend.

I also have only a couple of months in elixir and phoenix.

Also a good css framework is bulma no need for !important overrides.


Yeah I agree Bulma is a good CSS Framework, no JS too.


IMO it all comes down to personal preference and what you are building. Phoenix works great no matter what frontend architecture you choose (traditional MVC MPA, REST, GraphQL through Absinthe) and isn’t opinionated about that.

As you said, Bulma is nice since it’s pure CSS with no JS so you can pick your own JS approach. I found if you are a Vue fan then Buefy (which layers on top of Bulma) is excellent. Personally I prefer React as I find it easier to reason about but wanted to mention this in case you prefer Vue already.

I struggled deciding among the vast number of front end architecture decisions for many months and experimented with several options. For speeding up development (as a solo dev w/limited bandwidth) with fewer layers to test I’m making great progress with a hybrid MPA/SPA using LiveView with limited sprinkles of React components where necessary plus Bulma.

Hope this helps!


Vue 3 will come with some cool features that I think you will like over react. It’s not stable now but the comopisition api looks awesome.also forgot to mention that Vue 3 is backward compatible so all your code can stay the same and you can use the old way or adopt the new way


I believe it’s already been solved but my recommendation is, if you haven’t decided on an approach and have time, play around with your options.

Each has their own style to solve a problem frontend development has had for a long time in regards to the DOM.

I would say the backend and frontend has no real link to each other. Which ever you choose, the frontend role will be presentational and it’s job will be to just ask Phoenix for data (or some backend logic)

Imagine possibly a restaurant? A waiter tells the cook what needs to be sent out of the kitchen (created or gotten from the fridge (data)) then once it’s ready/done, it’ll give it to the customer (hopefully the presentation looks good)

A cook and waiter don’t do the same job but work together to present a client with something. Possibly a bad example but hopefully it’s helpful in regards to if a frontend framework (specific one) is required to work with Phoenix.


How about Elm?

Honestly, I have never tried Elm or looked much into it. So I can’t really give you an opinion on that one. Hopefully someone in the community has and can give you a better insight on Elm :smiley: Whichever you choose, I would say much like everyone has said look at how it’s implemented and see if that is what you want to do.

An example would be from my understanding with Angular, there are 3 files. A HTML, JS and one more that I can’t remember while with React, it’s all done in a single file due to JSX. Some might want it separate while others all in one file much similar when we consider CSS. These days we have CSS-IN-JS where we right CSS within a JS file vs importing a .SCSS or .CSS.