Create time with one hour plus

Hi all

I want to have a unix time, from the current time plus 1 hour.

DateTime.now + 1 hour

How to get it in elixir?

Thanks

3 Likes

Have a look at the library timex: https://github.com/bitwalker/timex

> Timex.shift(datetime, hours: 2, minutes: 13)
6 Likes

:thumbsup: Timex is the answer here. If you want the Unix time from an Elixir DateTime, you can use DateTime.to_unix/1.

1 Like

Just to add some random thoughts: this specific thing can be done easily enough without a dependency if your needs are very simple ->

DateTime.to_unix(DateTime.utc_now()) + 60*60

… but yeah, just use Timex :wink: Dates and times are amazingly difficult to get Right™ when you are dealing with timezones, quirks like daylight savings, need better-than-second resolution etc. If you need a simple timestamp in a single arbitrary timezone where a second here or there doesn’t particularly matter, not a big deal. If you need anything remotely more than that, use the libraries available.

6 Likes

Elixir provides DateTime.add since 1.8, you can add seconds directly like this:

DateTime.utc_now() |> DateTime.add(3600, :second)
13 Likes

It’s worth mentioning that adding 3600 seconds might not get you what you want.

iex(1)> DateTime.new!(~D[2022-10-30], ~T[00:00:00], "Europe/London") |> DateTime.add(3600)
#DateTime<2022-10-30 01:00:00+01:00 BST Europe/London>
iex(2)> DateTime.new!(~D[2022-10-30], ~T[00:00:00], "Europe/London") |> DateTime.add(3600 * 2)
#DateTime<2022-10-30 01:00:00+00:00 GMT Europe/London>

In this case, 01:00 happens twice due to daylight savings.

If you were just trying to schedule something to happen one hour later, that’s fine, but if you wanted the semantic meaning of the next hour on the clock, you need to choose which one, and Elixir will tell you so:

iex(3)> DateTime.new(~D[2022-10-30], ~T[01:00:00], "Europe/London")
{:ambiguous, #DateTime<2022-10-30 01:00:00+01:00 BST Europe/London>,
 #DateTime<2022-10-30 01:00:00+00:00 GMT Europe/London>}

Even when calculating with seconds, there are leap seconds to worry about, which the default calendar does not handle. For example, there was a leap second on 2016-12-31 23:59:60Z but Calendar.ISO does not know about it:

iex(4)> ~U[2016-12-31 23:59:60Z]
** (ArgumentError) cannot parse "2016-12-31 23:59:60Z" as UTC DateTime for Calendar.ISO, reason: :invalid_time
2 Likes