Validating youtube link

How to validate different kind of a youtube link?
for example:

and convert this link to embed link like to embed video in our application?

YouTube links can easily be matched with regular expressions.

Check out this introduction to regular expressions if you’re not familiar with them yet:

If you want to learn how to use regular expressions in Elixir, take a look at the documentation of the Regex module which has a nice introduction to using them and detailed information about the individual methods:

If the video IDs are guaranteed to be at the end, you can do a pattern match, which is probably a lot faster:

def get_video_id("" <> id), do: id
def get_video_id("" <> id), do: id
def get_video_id("" <> id), do: id

How you can append that video ID to the string "" is left as an exercise.

I’d prefer to make it HTTPS ready and solve it via meta programming, roughly like this:

Enum.each(["http", "https"], fn protocol ->
  Enum.each(["", "", ""], fn prefix ->
    def get_video_id(unquote(protocol <> "://" <> prefix) <> id), do: id

But probably the best version is to properly parse the URL and extract the video ID from the parsed URL. Pattern matching as shown by me will not work correctly when there are other parameters in the query string, and regular expressions that cover those possibilities tend to grow into an unreadable and slow monstrosity.

1 Like

Also Erlang has a handy module http_uri, here’s how you use it

 case url |> String.to_char_list() |> :http_uri.parse() do
    {:ok, {scheme, user_info, host, port, path, query}} -> # check the host, extract id from query etc
    {:error, msg} -> # incorrect url - handle error

In elixir we have the URI module, it has a parse/1 function as well.

It’s not quite the same:

Note this function expects a well-formed URI and does not perform any validation.

Erlangs function does perform validation and returns helpful messages, useful if these urls come from external source or user input.

You can’t expect YouTube URLs to have the id at the end since they can also take additional parameters.

Then an RegEx will be totally unreadable and absolutely not easy to get it right as well. Proper parsing of the URL is the only option then.

This is not a valid YouTube URL, by the way:

But its one of the OPs examples, so he seems to allow it as a valid one… He must have got it from somewhere to list it up.

Can any one get me regEx to replace to

You really do not wan’t to do this using regular expressions, it will break earlier or later. Please use a proper URI-parser and extract all necessary information from there.

But to extract the ID from the first link, you can use ~r"https?://<id>.*)". I do still leave it as an exercise to append it to any string you like.

Can you help me out in extracting ID with any one example of youtube link?

I am not getting any function to extract ID from URI. So can u just give me one example??

Nope, I won’t.

As we already said earlier, regular expressions will either be error prone or utterly complex for this task. If you really want to use regular expressions, then build them for yourself from the ground up. I already gave you an example of how to do it. All the other URLs fit in the same pattern, if the quick and dirty solution is good enough for you.

There will be so many valid youtube links, you won’t cover with simple regular expressions… Any valid URL will possible be valid with any other TLD as well.

The probably most accurate way, to really be sure that a given URL is not only generically valid, but also is a video and to get its embed link, is to fetch the URL and read the HTMLs meta-information.

Currently every valid video page will have a meta-field with the name twitter:player and the embed link as content.


Sorry, I got your question wrong. I understood that you wanted to get regular expressions for the other examples you gave, but actually you wan’t to see an example of how to use the regular expression I gave you.

So here a very generic example of how to extract something from a string using an regular expression and named matches:

iex> Regex.named_captures(~r/c(?<foo>d)/, "abcd")
%{"foo" => "d"}

iex> Regex.named_captures(~r/a(?<foo>b)c(?<bar>d)/, "abcd")
%{"bar" => "d", "foo" => "b"}

iex> Regex.named_captures(~r/a(?<foo>b)c(?<bar>d)/, "efgh")

Those are the examples from Regex.named_captures/3.

Thank you